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The International ID Day is not marked on everybody’s calendar but is of significant value for many. It is a day that raises awareness among people about the current status of identity and its vitality in the digital world. With the surge of hybrid working models across the globe, the need for identity verification and risk management systems has increased. Whether it is accessing critical services or opening a bank account, The World Bank reveals that more than one billion people do not have any viable way of getting their identities verified.
What is International ID Day?
The first International Identity Day was first observed in 2018. September 16 marks a very important day every year to acknowledge and raise awareness among people who face different challenges when it comes to having a secure and trusted identity.
Evolution of Identity
From paper-based identity documents to face and fingerprints, to prove who you say you are, identity has taken many shapes and forms over time. Let’s take a quick look at the evolution of identity.
Paper-based Identity Documents
Back in the 1400s, the first-ever passport by Henry V served as the perfect verification method using paper-based identity documents. Since then, many other identity documents have emerged including ID cards and driving licences. However, there are several shortcomings of paper-based identity documents ranging from tampering and forgery to identity theft. Furthermore, they can be easily fabricated, and given the advanced technology perpetrators have access to, fake ID documents are hard to detect.
Considering the advancement in technology, paper-based identity documents are now digitally available. These also include online profiles created using an email address, name, address, date of birth, and location. Although this social profile is part of the identity, it does not suffice for the identity verification needs. Again, unauthorised access to social profiles and creating a synthetic ID is not a problem for bad actors.
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The digital world comes with many downsides (security being the most alarming one). To overcome the challenge, biometrics emerged as a more powerful way of mitigating the risk of fraud associated with identity.
As of today, face, eyes, fingerprints, voice, DNA, and even the walking style (gait) is part of an individual’s identity and makes the verification process convenient. Criminal records and digital footprints also help in validating end-users who they claim to be.
Consequently, privacy concerns have emerged in different regions of the world. With rising cases of identity fraud, users are demanding more control over their personal information. Now, the technology-dependent world is figuring out ways to let end-users access their information. Henceforth, the self-sovereign identity model is in process.
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The self-sovereign identity is the next-generation identity ecosystem. According to this model, individuals will get complete control over their Personally Identifiable Information (PII) through a public blockchain. Businesses or individuals have sole ownership of the data and have the authority to share information. Ultimately, security and privacy concerns can be strategically answered with a self-sovereign identity model.
Digital Identities and the Case Against ID Fraud
Do you know there is a victim of identity theft every two seconds? Perpetrators have become strategically stronger in the digital world. With many new ways to fool identity verification mechanisms, imposters are hard to combat with conventional ID verification protocols.
Manual verification using paper-based identity verification mechanisms is no longer feasible. Therefore, there is a dire need for a highly advanced system that can help companies in verifying the identities of the customers in no time. An AI-powered customer due diligence system is an effective way of verifying identities and complying with the KYC and AML regulations.
Evaluating Multiple Ways to Fight ID Fraud
Know Your Customer (KYC), Anti-money Laundering (AML), and Biometric authentication are some methods to verify the identities of the end-users. Here’s a brief overview of the alternatives that the corporate sector can employ to keep fraudsters at bay:
|Solution||What You Get|
|Know Your Customer (KYC)||Government-issued ID documents are verified, the face of the person is cross-matched with the image on the ID document to identify any manipulation, liveness detection checks are performed to prevent spoof attacks.|
|Anti-Money Laundering (AML)||Identities are screened against global watchlists, including PEPs, and those issued by OFAC, FATF, EU, and HMT. Background checks to make sure you are not dealing with any high-risk entity or shell company.|
|Video Interview KYC||KYC experts and the end-user get in touch on a live video call for ID verification. The government-issued ID documents are verified for forgery and tampering. Then, liveness detection checks are performed to ensure the live presence of the end-user.|
|Biometric Authentication||Selfie logins let legitimate users access an account. Ultimately, unauthorised access to accounts can be prevented and ongoing KYC allows businesses to maintain updated customer risk profiles.|
|NFC Verification||Chip-based identity documents are the trend now. Extracting data from the chip and ensuring authenticity of the information through NFC Verification.|
From paper-based identity documents to self-sovereign identity models, identities have taken many forms over time. Today, it is all about biometric identity and so far, the perfect way of ensuring legitimacy of the individual. Although privacy and security concerns have emerged, identity verification solutions backed by artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms can save the day. Know Your Customer (KYC), Anti-money Laundering (AML), Biometric Authentication, Video Interview KYC, and NFC Verification are some of Shufti Pro’s finest offerings that can help businesses keep perpetrators at bay along with data protection and compliance with the KYC/AML laws.
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